Discovering the richness of microorganisms on continental Antarctica

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The way ecosystems function, evolve and adapt to new conditions depends directly on the species they contain. This, at the same time, is influenced by the ability of organisms to disperse and establish themselves in these ecosystems. For Antarctic microorganisms, this might represent a particular challenge, as air and water currents form a potential barrier around the continent. However, both cosmopolitan organisms and microbes adapted to Antarctic conditions are known to live, even thrive, within the Antarctic continent, challenging the belief that Antarctica is the most isolated place on Earth. Here, within the BIOAIR project, an international group of microbiologists, meteorologists, physicists and chemists will gather to identify whether microorganisms living in the Antarctic are related to those living elsewhere, whether they can travel to the Antarctic from the surrounding continents in the air, and ultimately whether they might influence communities already established in the Antarctic, in a first ever circum-Antarctic aerobiology expedition. Thus, we will be able to identify where Antarctic microbial colonists are likely to come from. This information will help proposing Antarctic conservation measures. The link with global circulation patterns in the Earth’s atmosphere would also help predicting future changes in Antarctic diversity based on current climate models.

Principal Investigator (PI)

David A Pearce

Northumbria University, UK

 

BIOAIR – Aerobiology over Antarctica

Principal institution / country

  • Northumbria University (UK)
  • Uppsala University (Sweden)
  • Sanger Institute (UK)
  • University of Cardiff (UK)
  • University of York (UK)
  • GFZ Potsdam (Germany)
  • Arctic & Antarctic Institute (Russian Federation)
  • Australian Antarctic Division (Australia)
  • University of Liège (Belgium)
  • U Autónoma de Madrid (Spain)
  • Aberystwyth University (UK)
  • University Grenoble Alpes (France)
  • University of Innsbruck (Austria)
  • Brigham Young University (USA)
  • University of Porto (Portugal)
  • International Medical University (Malaysia)
  • Princeton University (USA)
  • University of Waikato (NZ)
  • NASA Ames (USA)
  • Colorado State University (USA)
  • De la Republica University (Uruguay)
  • Rhodes University (South Africa)
  • University of Bristol (UK)
  • DLR, Berlin (Germany)
  • University of South Bohemia (Czech Republic)
  • University of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
  • British Antarctic Survey (UK)
  • KOPRI (Korea)
  • Auckland University of Technology (NZ)
  • University de Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  • Université Laval (Canada)